A portrait of Confucius,
by Tang Dynasty artist
Wu Daozi (680-740).
(Chinese: 孔子; pinyin: Kǒng zǐ; Wade-Giles: K'ung-tzu, or Chinese: 孔夫子; pinyin:Kǒng Fūzǐ; Wade-Giles: K'ung-fu-tzu), literally "Master Kong,"(traditionally September 28, 551 B.C.E. – 479 B.C.E.) was a Chinese philosopher, whose teachings and philosophy have deeply influenced Chinese, Korean, Japanese and Vietnamese thinker and social thought and life.
philosophy emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness
of social relationships, justice and sincerity. These values gained
prominence in China over other doctrines, such as Legalism (法家) or
Taoism (道家) during the Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E.). Confucius'
thoughts have been developed into a system of philosophy known as
It was introduced to Europe by the Italian Jesuit
Matteo Ricci, who was the first to Latinise the name as "Confucius."
His teachings may be found in the Analects of Confucius
(論語), a collection of "brief aphoristic fragments", which was compiled
many years after his death.
For nearly 2,000 years he was thought to be
the editor or author of all the Five Classics (五經) such as the Classic of Rites (禮記) (editor), and the Spring and Autumn Annals (春秋) (author).
The formal name of Confucius was Kong Qiu (孔丘), and he was also called Zhongni (仲尼). He was born in 551 B.C. in the Lu (鲁) State
(This state was in the south of modern-day Shandong Province) in the
later days of the Spring-Autumn Period. Confucius was from a warrior
family. His father Shulianghe (叔梁) was a famous warrior who had
military exploits in two battles and got a feoff. But Confucius lost
his father when he was three years old, and then his mother Yan
Zhengzai (顏在) took him and left the feoff because as a concubine (妾)
she wanted to avoid mistreatment from Shulianghe's formal wife. So
Confucius, since childhood, lived in poverty with his mother. With the
support and encouragement of his mother, Confucius was very diligent in
his studies. When Confucius was seventeen years old, his mother died of
illness and overwork. Three years later, Confucius married a young
woman who was from the Qiguan family (官氏) of Song (宋) State. Though he
had a mild wife who loved him, he still left his family and strived for
his ideals. Confucius wanted to revive the perfect virtue of Huaxia and
the classical properties of the Western Zhou Dynasty for building a
great harmonious and humanistic society.
Nothing at all to do with Confucius but definitely some wonderful Chinese Sounds and Songs. Not to mention the amazing Animation it most of the playsist.
All these clips are on you tube, just follow the name of the piece.
as a feudal thinker just decades ago, Confucius is getting the star
treatment in communist China, with Chow Yun Fatt cast as the ancient
philosopher in a $27 million Beijing-backed biopic. Best known for his
iconic gangster roles in Hong Kong films, Chow will swap his trademark
trench coat and pistols for scholarly robes and scrolls in the
production which is to start shooting in about three weeks. The movie
is part of a recent revival of Confucius.
Confucianism is not a religion, but a philosophy. Confucius wrote
almost nothing down but traveled widely in China and thought of himself
as a "transmitter who invented nothing." He encouraged students to
think deeply for themselves and act morally and ethically.
Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it. Confucius
Faced with what is right, to leave it undone shows a lack of courage. Confucius
Go before the people with your example, and be laborious in their affairs.
He who exercises government by means of his virtue
may be compared to the north polar star, which keeps its place and all
the stars turn towards it.
He who learns but does not think, is lost! He who thinks but does not learn is in great danger.
He who speaks without modesty will find it difficult to make his words good.
I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.
I hear, I know. I see, I remember. I do, I understand.