子; pinyin: Kǒng zǐ;
Wade-Giles: K'ung-tzu, or
Wade-Giles: K'ung-fu-tzu), literally "Master
Kong,"(traditionally September 28, 551 B.C.E. – 479
B.C.E.) was a Chinese philosopher, whose teachings
and philosophy have deeply influenced Chinese,
Korean, Japanese and Vietnamese thinker and social
thought and life.
philosophy emphasized personal and governmental
of social relationships, justice and sincerity.
These values gained
prominence in China over other doctrines, such as
Legalism (法家) or
Taoism (道家) during the Han Dynasty
(206 B.C.E. –
220 C.E.). Confucius'
thoughts have been developed into a system of
philosophy known as Confucianism
It was introduced to Europe by the Italian Jesuit
Matteo Ricci, who was the first to Latinise the
name as "Confucius.